An Advanced practice registered nurse (APRN) is a nurse with post-graduate education in nursing. APRNs are prepared with advanced didactic and clinical education, knowledge, skills, and scope of practice in nursing. APRN defines a level of nursing practice that utilizes extended and expanded skills, experience and knowledge in assessment, planning, implementation, diagnosis and evaluation of the care required.
APRN education forms the basis of four recognized general areas of specialization:
· Clinical Nurse Specialists (CNSs)
· Nurse anesthetists (in the United States, certified registered nurse anesthetists or CRNAs)
· Nurse midwives (in the United States, certified nurse midwives or CNMs)
· Nurse practitioners (NPs)