Hina Raheel has completed her MSc in Health Care Management from University of Surrey UK.
She has been working with the field of clinical training since 12 years. Currently she is working as
Asst. Manager Clinical Training in Medcare Hospital Dubai.
Burnout has been one of the key job related issue, especially among nurses. The job of nurses has
always been considered to be associated with so many stressors, including long working hours, high
patient acuity, and high management expectations. Burnout is not a new concept it has been studied
amongst nurses from decades, but unfortunately it still exist unresolved among nurses. Nurses are
considered to be the pillars for any health care organization, because they are in very close contact
with patient therefore any vulnerability to their health will provoke devastating effects on patient
care quality and organizational performance as well.
This study employs a method of systematic literature review to explain the concept of burnout
among nurses by identifying different causative effects of burnout among nurses and the major
consequences occurring in health care due to nurse’s burnout problem. The crucial nature of this
issue within nurses is underlined by analysing the devastating effects of burnout on nurses, patients
and on health care organization. This study bring upon number of recommendations to be
considered and to be adopted by the nurses who are already working in health care settings and for
upcoming novice nurses, to deal with this critical issue.
The findings suggest that the principal causative factors of burnout among nurses are work
environment, personality traits and leadership and management factors. Moreover, dynamic
approaches need to be acquired by the management personnel and policy makers in order to reduce
the causative factors leading to burnout among nurses.