Neurological disorders are diseases of the brain, spine and the nerves that connect them. There are more than 600 diseases of the nervous system, such as brain tumors, epilepsy, Parkinson's disease and stroke as well as less familiar ones such as frontotemporal dementia.
Common Neurological Disorders Affecting Children:
Nervous system diseases
Alzheimer's disease attacks brain cells and neurotransmitters (chemicals that carry messages between brain cells), affecting the way your brain functions, your memory and the way you behave. It is also the most common form of dementia.
Bell's palsy: Bell’s palsy is a weakness or paralysis of the facial muscles that usually affects just one side of the face. It is thought to be mainly caused by an infection with a virus.The infection inflames or puts pressure on the nerve that controls your facial muscles. It can be mild, or it can be severe.
Cerebral palsy: is a condition in which the ability to control muscles is reduced due to nervous system damage before, during or after birth. This nervous system damage affects body movement and posture.
Epilepsy is a common, long-term brain condition where a person has repeated seizures. A seizure is caused by an episode of disrupted electrical activity in the brain and can vary greatly depending on the part of the brain involved.
Motor neurone disease (MND): is a condition which affects the nerve cells (neurons), causing weakness in the muscles that gets worse and eventually leads to paralysis. It is also known as Lou Gehrig's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis or ALS.
Multiple sclerosis (MS): Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic disease that affects the central nervous system and it damages to the protective sheath (known as myelin) that surrounds the nerve fibres in the brain and spinal cord. This damage causes scars, or lesions, in your nervous system, meaning that your nerves can’t send signals round your body properly.
Neurofibromatosis is a relatively common genetic condition. The signs and symptoms differ from person to person, depending on what type they have. Neurofibromatosis is not yet curable, but it is a manageable and many people with the condition lead normal lives.
Parkinson’s disease is a disorder of the nervous system. It results from damage to the nerve cells in a region of the brain that produces dopamine, a chemical that is vital for the smooth control of muscles and movement.