Behavioral neurology is that specialty of one, which deals with the study of the neurological basis of behavior, memory, and cognition, and their impact of damage and disease and treatment. Two fields associated with behavioral neurology are neuropsychiatry and neuropsychology.
Syndromes and diseases commonly studied by behavioral neurology include:
· Agnosias: Agnosia is the inability to process sensory information.
· Agraphesthesia: is the ability to recognize the writing on the skin purely by the sensation of touch.
· Alexia (acquired dyslexia): Dyslexia, also known as reading disorder, is characterized by trouble with reading despite normal intelligence.
· Amnesias: Amnesia is a deficit in memory caused by brain damage, disease, or psychological trauma.
· Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder(ADHD): is a mental disorder of the neurodevelopmental type. It is characterized by problems paying attention, excessive activity, or difficulty controlling behavior which is not appropriate for a person's age.
· Autism: Autism is a developmental disorder characterized by troubles with social interaction and communication, and by restricted and repetitive behavior.
· Dementia: Dementia is a broad category of brain diseases that cause a long-term and often gradual decrease in the ability to think and remember.
· Dyslexia: Dyslexia, also known as reading disorder, is characterized by trouble with reading despite normal intelligence.
· Epilepsy: a neurological disorder marked by sudden recurrent episodes of sensory disturbance, loss of consciousness, or convulsions, associated with abnormal electrical activity in the brain.
· Psychosis: Psychosis is an abnormal condition of the mind that results in difficulties determining what is real and what is not.
· Stroke: A stroke is a medical condition in which poor blood flow to the brain results in cell death. There are two main types of stroke: ischemic, due to lack of blood flow, and hemorrhagic, due to bleeding.
· Traumatic Brain Injury(TBI): also known as intracranial injury, occurs when an external force injures the brain.