Infertility/Assisted Reproductive Technologies

Infertility is the inability to fertilize or impotence of a person to reproduce by natural means. It is not the natural state of a healthy adult, except notably among certain eusocial species. Infertility is defined as unable to get pregnant after one year of unprotected sex. Artificial technique to achieve pregnancy in procedures such as fertility medication, in vitro fertilization and surrogacy is known as Assisted reproductive technology also referred as fertility treatment. It is reproductive technology mainly used for infertility treatments. It mainly belongs to the field of reproductive endocrinology and infertility, and may also include intracytoplasmic sperm injection and cryopreservation. Assisted reproductive technologies like Artificial insemination, Superovulation, In vitro Fertilization, Embryo Transfer have been introduced to overcome reproductive problems.