Renewable energy and energy efficiency are sometimes said to be the "twin pillars" of sustainable energy policy. Both resources must be developed in order to stabilize and reduce carbon dioxide emissions. There are various energy policies on a global scale in relation to energy exploration, production and consumption, ranging from commodities companies to automobile manufacturers to wind and solar producers and industry associations. Recent focus of energy economics includes the following issues: Climate change and climate policy, sustainability, energy markets and economic growth, economics of energy infrastructure, energy and environmental law and policies and global warming along with exploring various challenges associated with accelerating the diffusion of renewable energy technologies in developing countries. Most of the agricultural facilities in the developed world are mechanized due to rural electrification. Rural electrification has produced significant productivity gains, but it also uses a lot of energy. For this and other reasons (such as transport costs) in a low-carbon society, rural areas would need available supplies of renewably produced electricity.
§ Sustainable Development
§ Potential Benefits of Energy Efficiency
§ Emerging Gaps and Challenges
§ Emissions Reduction Policy
§ Distribution Generation Policy
§ Rural Electrification Policy