Drug Design & Development

In the fields of medicine, pharmacology and biotechnology the drug discovery is the process in which new medications are discovered. Drug design, also acknowledged as rational drug design, is the inventive process of finding new medicines based on the information of a biological target. Drug design describes the design of molecules that are complementary in shape and charge to the bimolecular target with which they therefore interact and will bind to it. Drug development is the process of bringing a new pharmaceutical drug or the medicine to the market which is identified through the process of drug discovery. Structure-based drug design is the design and optimization of a chemical structure with the aim of identifying a compound suitable for clinical testing on a drug candidate. It is based on information of the drug’s three-dimensional structure, shape and charge cause it to interact with its biological target, ultimately producing a medical effect.